: is the anterior or posterior displacement of a vertebra
or the vertebral column in relation to the vertebrae below.
Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD): is a gradual process in which healthy discs begin to dehydrate and compress causing pain and possibly radiating weakness or numbness.
Radiculopathy: Is the irritation of nerve roots due to a herniation of a intervertebral disc from its normal position, which impinge on nearby nerves resulting in pain and neurologic deficit.
Scoliosis Deformity: is a medical condition in which a person’s spine is curved from side to side without proper alignment and balance.
Tumor: is a spinal neoplasm (a solid or fluid-filled [cystic] lesion), that appears enlarged in size, and can cause compression on the spinal cord or surrounding nerves
Ankylosing Spondylitis: is a form of chronic rheumatoid arthritis that affects the spine and creates inflammation that eventually fuses the spine.
Disc Herniation: is a tear in the outer, fibrous ring (annulus fibrosus) of an intervertebral disc allowing the soft, central portion (nucleus pulposus) to bulge out beyond the damaged outer ring with the potential of compressing nerve roots or the spinal cord.
Osteoporosis: is a progressive bone disease that’s characterised by a decrease in bone mass and density and that leads to an increased risk of fracture
Compression Fracture: is a collapse of a vertebra. It may be due to trauma or due to a weakening of the vertebra in patients with osteoporosis or lytic lesions from metastatic or primary tumors, or infection.
Sacroiliitis: Sacroiliitis is an inflammation of either just one or both of the joints that connect your lower spine to your pelvis. It is characterized by extreme pain and a severely restricted range of motion.